Certain people are at increased risk for bacterial meningitis. Some risk factors include:
Pneumococcal meningitis is transmitted from one person to another. The bacteria are spread through direct contact with the tiny droplets from an infected person’s mouth, throat, or nose. For example, if someone with the infection coughs or sneezes on or near you, you may contract the disease.
You can also contract the disease from an infected person by kissing or by sharing anything that comes into contact with the mouth such as:
Up to 40 percent of the population may carry Streptococcus pneumonia. In most of these people, the bacteria are dormant, which means they’re not actively growing and replicating. However, the bacteria can be transmitted even when it’s dormant.
Living in places where large groups of people tend to live, such as dormitories, can increase your risk for infection.
(1) Center for Disease Control and Prevention. Bacterial Meningitis. https://www.cdc.gov/meningitis/bacterial.html .
(2) Healthline.com. Pneumococcal Meningitis. https://www.healthline.com/health/meningitis-pneumococcal
(3) Meningitis Research Foundation of Canada. Pneumococcal Meningitis. https://www.meningitis.ca/en/PneumococcalMeningitis